Information literacy is “a set of abilities requiring individuals to recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information” (ACRL).
The Consortium Library bases its information literacy instruction program on the ACRL Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education.
The five standards are:
1. Determine the nature and extent of information needed.
2. Access information effectively and efficiently.
3. Evaluate information and sources critically.
4. Use information effectively for a specific purpose.
5. Use and incorporate information ethically and legally.
The standards establish the importance of critical thinking skills in the information literacy process. Each standard has performance indicators and outcomes that may be used to assess information literacy skills.