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The History guide provides links to reliable database and web resources.


RefWorks / Manage Your Research


RefWorks -- an online research management, writing and collaboration tool -- is designed to help researchers easily gather, manage, store and share all types of information, as well as generate citations and bibliographies.

Set up an account using your UAA/APU user ID and Password, and start organizing and sharing your research.

Starting Points

Primary & Secondary Sources

When researching your topic, a distinction between PRIMARY and SECONDARY sources must be considered.

Generally, PRIMARY sources were created at the time of an historical event, or by a participant in that event.  Primary sources represent a "window in time", and can most closely convey historical events.  Examples include:

  • Diary entries
  • Personal narratives
  • photographs

SECONDARY sources are derived from the works already written, recorded or published.  Most history books are SECONDARY sources, relying on previously written accounts.

Subject Guide

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Ralph Courtney

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