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Academic Integrity

This guides provides resources related to academic integrity and avoiding plagiarism and cheating.

Plagiarism: Definition and Avoiding

What is plagiarism?

According to Merriam Webster’s Online Dictionary, to “plagiarize” means:

  • To steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one’s own;
  • To use (another’s production) without crediting the source;
  • To commit literary theft;
  • To present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source.

How to avoid plagiarizing

  • Take good notes
    • Keep track of all the sources you use. You can do this manually or using a citation management toll like Refworks or Zotero
    • When you take notes, be clear about what you are paraphrasing and what you are copying word-for-word.
  • Cite your sources correctly
    • Refer to your sources using in-text citations and a bibliography in the citation style your professor requires. Visit our Citing Sources guide for more information. 
  • Use quotation marks appropriately
    • Any time you copy a source word-for-word, use quotation marks and cite the source. 
  • Paraphrase correctly
    • Changing one or two words in a sentence from another source is not enough to make it a paraphrase. Restate the concept using your own words. Even when paraphrasing, you still need to cite the original source. 

Consequences

  • The consequences of plagiarizing are serious. Depending on the severity of the violation, a student may fail a class, be suspended, be expelled, or be stripped of their degree. For more information on the reporting procedure and disciplinary sanctions, visit UAA's Academic Integrity page. 

Cheating: Definition and Avoiding

What is cheating?

According to UAA's Student Code of Conduct, cheating includes:

  • Providing assistance without the faculty member's permission to another student, or receiving assistance not authorized by the faculty member from anyone (with or without their knowledge);
  • Submitting work done for academic credit in previous classes, without the knowledge and advance permission of the current faculty member;
  • Deceiving faculty members or other representatives of the university to affect a grade or to gain admission to a program or course;
  • Fabricating or misrepresenting data;
  • Possessing, buying, selling, obtaining, or using a copy of any material intended to be used as an instrument of assessment in advance of its administration;
  • Altering grade records of their own or another student's work;
  • Offering a monetary payment or other remuneration in exchange for a grade

How to avoid cheating

  • Understand expectations
    • Understand UAA & APU's expectations of students by reading through the Student Code of Conduct. 
    • Read through the syllabus carefully and ask your professor about expectations around assignments and exams. Know whether your professor allows group work and what kind of study materials are appropriate.
  • Resist pressure to share assignments with classmates. 

Consequences

  • The consequences of plagiarizing are serious. Depending on the severity of the violation, a student may fail a class, be suspended, be expelled, or be stripped of their degree. For more information on the reporting procedure and disciplinary sanctions, visit UAA's Academic Integrity page.