The peer review process tries to ensure that only the highest quality research is published. When an article is submitted to a peer-reviewed (or refereed) journal, the editor sends it to be reviewed by other scholars (the author's peers) in the same field. These reviewers recommend that the editor reject the paper, accept the paper as is, or accept the paper with author revisions.
Though trustworthy, peer review is not without flaws. The Retraction Watch blog tracks when published articles are withdrawn due to plagiarism, error, fraud, or other reasons.
Search the journal title in the Library’s Journal Titles list. If you don't find it there, search the journal title in Ulrichsweb (the referee’s jersey icon indicates that a title is peer-reviewed). You can also visit the journal’s website. If you have trouble, ask a librarian.
No. These types of articles don’t go through the peer review process.
Not exactly. All peer-reviewed articles are scholarly, but not all scholarly articles are peer-reviewed. For example, conference proceedings and technical reports are scholarly but not necessarily peer-reviewed.
The CRAAP Test is a list of questions to help you evaluate the information you find. Different criteria will be more or less important depending on your situation or need. You may also wish to view the CRAAP Test video in the following box.
How recent is the information?
Does the information address your needs?
What is the source of the information?
Is the information reliable, truthful, and correct?
Why does the information exist?
Modified from Evaluating Information: Applying the CRAAP Test (2010) by Meriam Library, California State University, Chico.
Most databases offer a way to limit your search to "scholarly" or "peer-reviewed" journals. CINAHL has a limit to peer-reviewed. PubMed does not have this limit.