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Della Keats Health Sciences Summer Program (WWAMI)

This course guide provides information and resources to support Della Keats assignments.

Tips for Parts A and B

Part A

  • Etiology: the cause or causes of a disease or abnormal condition.
  • Pathophysiology: the physiology of abnormal states; specifically : the functional changes that accompany a particular syndrome or disease.
  • Physiology: the organic processes and phenomena of an organism or any of its parts or of a particular bodily process.

Part B

  • Diagnosis: the art or act of identifying a disease from its signs and symptoms.
  • Prevention: often used with control, such as, prevention and control of the zika virus.
  • Signs (often used as signs and symptoms): an objective evidence of disease especially as observed and interpreted by the physician rather than by the patient or lay observer.
  • Symptoms (or signs): subjective evidence of disease or physical disturbance observed by the patient (e.g., headache is a symptom of many diseases).
  • Therapy: common therapies include using drugs/medications, diet, or rehabilitation.
  • Treatment: the action or manner of treating a patient medically or surgically.


  • Disease: an impairment of the normal state of the living animal or plant body or one of its parts that interrupts or modifies the performance of the vital functions, is typically manifested by distinguishing signs and symptoms, and is a response to environmental factors (as malnutrition, industrial hazards, or climate), to specific infective agents (as worms, bacteria, or viruses), to inherent defects of the organism (as genetic anomalies), or to combinations of these factors.
  • Syndrome: a group of signs and symptoms that occur together and characterize a particular abnormality.

Tips for Part C: Affected Population

Public health addresses the health of populations; medical health care focuses on treatment of individuals.  For a quick overview of the types of issues public health has addressed in the US over the past 100 years, scan this one-page newsletter.

Terms to consider using when searching for public health-focused articles include:

  • community
  • epidemiology
  • global
  • prevention
  • health education
  • health promotion