A literature review (or review of the literature) critically evaluates and synthesizes the significant works (books, scholarly articles, dissertations, etc.) published on a particular issue, area of research, or theory.
Literature reviews often:
For more information about how to write a literature review, see Graduate Writing Workshops: Literature Reviews (OWL at Purdue).
There are two main types of literature reviews ranging from selective to comprehensive.
For more information, see the video below.