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CIS 376: Management Information Systems

What is a Citation?

 A citation...

  • describes a book, journal article, website, or other published item.
  • prevents plagiarism by giving credit to the originator of an idea.
  • enables the reader to locate the item.
  • includes the author, title, publisher and place of publication, DOI or URL, and date.

Why Should I Cite?

You must credit the source of anyone else's ideas that you use or mention in your writing. If you don't, you are plagiarizing -- an offense with serious consequences.

Citation Styles

Some of the most common citation styles are:

  • American Psychological Association (APA) 

Abbreviated Style Guide (Purdue OWL)  |  Citation Examples (UMUC Library)

  • Modern Language Association (MLA)

Abbreviated Style Guide (Purdue OWL)  |  Citation Examples (UMUC Library)

  • Chicago Manual of Style (CMS)

Abbreviated Style Guide (Purdue OWL)  |  Citation Examples (UMUC Library) 

When you quote, paraphrase, summarize, or otherwise refer to the work of another, you need to cite the source, using either parenthetical documentation or a footnote.  

Students should use the citation style recommended by the instructor. You'll need to ask which one he or she prefers. 

Be consistent throughout your paper in how citations are presented and what information they include. Remember, citing helps your reader identify and locate the material you used!

Consider using RefWorks to keep track of your sources and help format citations.

Article Citations in APA Style

UTSA Libraries

Citation Style Manuals