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Parts of a URL (web address)

The address for a webpage (called a URL) can give good information about what might be found on that site.  The parts of the address give clues. 

http://computer.institution.domain/directory/filename.xxx

http:// most addresses begin with this - which just means you are going to see a web page.

https://  this is a secure site - it would be safe to give them credit card information

computer:  most addresses begin with www, but not all

institution:  this can be the full name or an abbreviation.  The person or group who created the web page often works for this organization

domain:  the six most common "top" level domains are:

  •    .com (commercial)
  •    .edu (college or university)
  •    .gov (federal government)
  •    .org (organization, often non-profit)
  •    .mil (U.S. military)
  •    .net (networks)

directory: an address can have several levels here or none at all

filename.xxx: the address can end with different "extensions", such as pdf, htm, or html

Local government or state websites will use a two letter state code - such as ak for Alaska.  Other countries will use a two letter country code. 

 

What is the country code for where you were born?

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