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NS 204: Nursing Informatics

Database links, interactive tutorials, library jargon, and handouts.

NS 204 - Library Jargon

Database searching concepts:

CINAHL: Cumulative Index for Nursing and Allied Health Literature
   - # of journals: over 4,900
   - full text articles from over 750 journals
   - Foreign languages: yes
   - Disciplines covered: nursing; 17 allied health disciplines
   - Years covered: 1937 to present
   - Use search results: display, print, email, save, export to RefWorks

  -  Produced by the NCBI (National Center for Biotechnology Information) and the National Library of Medicine
  -  Produced for the scientists creating the Human Genome database
  -  # of journals: over 5,200.  Over 20 million articles
   - Includes animal information, both research and for vet medicine
   - Free?  Yes, to anyone in the world with access to the Internet
   - Access: 1) starting from library website grants access to full text articles subscribed to by UAA 2) starting from the Internet (no access to licensed articles)
   - Loansome Doc: online ordering module that is part of PubMed.  Use to get the full text of an article from your medical library for a fee.

Nursing and Allied Health from Proquest
   - # of journals: indexes more than 850 titles, with over 715 titles in full-text. Coverage begins in 1986.
   - Advantage: journals chosen because most provide full text access
  -  Disadvantage: only 850 titles compared to 2500 when searching CINAHL or 5200 journals when searching PubMed.  

Medline (one of the databases that is part of PubMed)
   - Produced by the National Library of Medicine
   - Nursing journals: yes, but not as many as in CINAHL

MeSH: medical subject headings.  Authorized listing used to index articles - assign subject headings.

Boolean Operators (visual explanation)
   - AND: used to combine two or more concepts.  AND reduces the number of items retrieved since ALL the concepts MUST be included.
   - OR: used to search for two or more similar ideas.  OR expands the number of items retrieve since only ONE concept is required.
   - NOT: used to eliminate a concept.

Textwords (or Keywords): searching using words supplied by the author or searcher for topics with no subject heading (new drugs) or for doing in-depth research on a topic where you want to find EVERYTHING.

Truncation and Wild Cards
   - * is used in CINAHL and PubMed to find similar terms with different endings.  For example, nurs* would find nurse, nurses, nursing.
   - ? is used to replace a character within a word. 

Other terminology:

Embargo: In academic publishing, an embargo is a period during which access is not allowed, typically the most current 3 months to 1 year.

Full Text Articles
   - Find when searching in a database by clicking the Check Library for Full Text link.
   - Use QuickSearch or the Journals A to Z option when the journal and citation is known.

ILL: interlibrary loan

Peer Review: as a subject refers to the process of doing peer review; peer review as a limit finds articles in peer reviewed journals.  The article is reveiwed by peers in that field prior to being published.

PICOS: PICOS is an mnemonic for Patient Population or Problem, Intervention (treatment/test), Comparison (group or treatment), Outcomes, and Setting or Study type. PICOT is also used where the T stands for Time.

Research: a type of publication - different from clinically-based articles

RefWorks: Online bibliographic management program that allows users to create a personal database of references and generate bibliographies in a variety of formats.

Scholarly: Scholarly (or academic) journals contain articles written by researchers who are experts in their field.

NS 204 Library Handouts