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BIOL 240 (Introductory Microbiology for Health Sciences)

Journal of Clinical Microbiology -- Style Guide

Instructions and examples of how to format references in the Journal of Clinical Microbiology style.

How do I cite webpages in JCM style?

The Journal of Clinical Microbiology (JCM) does not consider websites, even legitimate ones like CDC or FDA, as peer-reviewed.

Instead, JCM guidelines recommend that they be cited in the text, rather than the list of references at the end of the paper. Their Guidelines specify:

  • Data that are not published or not peer reviewed are simply cited parenthetically in the text.
  • Example of a webcite cited in the text:

 .........blah, blah, blah is available in the GenBank database (


Hope this helps!

Tips for creating your list of References

  • References are listed in numerical, not alphabetical, order.  Numbered references correspond to the in-text citations.
  • Provide the names of ALL authors and/or editors for each reference; do not use “et al” as a substitute for listing multiple authors.
  • Use only initials for first and middle names, with no periods between initials.
  • For article titles, capitalize only the first word and any proper nouns and/or abbreviations that are ordinarily capitalized.
  • Put author names and the volume number in BOLD.
  • Include a DOI (digital object identifier) for online articles, if available. Not every online article has a DOI.


( journal article)

      Hysterical UR, Funny IM. 2013. Bugs, bacteria, and humor: is laughter really the best medicine? J. Health Comm. 66:1111-1122.

      Will I, Won't I. 2014. The dilemma of choice in nursing. Am. J. Nurs. 13:99-102.


Tips for creating In-Text citations

  • In-text citations are numbered in the order in which they appear in the text. The list of References should match the order of in-text citations.
  • Put the citation number in parentheses inside periods, commas, colons, and semicolons.

In-Text Examples:

Diabetes mellitus is associated with a high risk of foot ulcers (1, 3).

Several interventions have been successful at increasing compliance (11, 14-16).

The data of Smith (4) is further evidence of this effect.

As reported previously (2, 5, 8),

The results were as follows (7):

Guide for Writing in the Sciences

Helpful links from the Writing Center at Colorado State University.  Includes tips for writing in a scientific format, and how to write reviews, abstracts, and prepare for poster sessions.