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Della Keats Health Sciences Summer Program (WWAMI)

What is a Citation?

It is important to credit the source of anyone else's ideas that you have used or mentioned in your writing. If you don't, you could be accused of plagiarism - a charge that is taken very seriously by teachers and exam boards,

Watch this short YouTube video - How to Read a Citation

What is a citation?  A citation...

  • describes a book, journal article, website, or other published item
  • gives credit to the originator of an idea, thus preventing plagiarism
  • enables the reader to retrieve the item you refer to
  • includes the author, title, source (publisher and place of publication or URL), and date

This class will use the APA style for citing sources.  The best online option for examples is OWL at Purdue.

How to Cite an Article

How to Cite a Print Journal Article in APA


First, F. M., & Last, F. M. (Year Published). Article title. Journal Name, Volume(Issue), Page(s).


Jacoby, W. G. (1994). Public attitudes toward government spending. American Journal of Political Science, 38(2), 336-361.

Fearon, J. D., & Laitin, D. D. (2003). Ethnicity, insurgency, and civil war. American Political Science Review, 97(1), 75.


How to Cite an Online Journal Article in APA


First, F. M., & Last, F. M. (Year Published). Article title. Journal Name, Volume(Issue), Page(s). doi:# or Retrieved from URL


Poiger, U. G. (1996). Rock 'n' roll, female sexuality, and the Cold War Battle over German Identities. The Journal of Modern History, 68(3), 577. doi:10.1086/245343

How to Cite a Website

How to Cite a Website [for this class]

Provide the URL address and the date you visited the site.

Citing Images

Most image collections (but not all) have directions for their terms of use. Remember to always provide proper attribution!  University of Maryland University College provides image citation examples for MLA, APA, and Chicago styles.